Massachusetts Institute of Technology
The Massachusetts Institute of Technology, MIT, is a private research university in Cambridge, Massachusetts. The world leader in the field of exact sciences and technologies, MIT traditionally takes the first lines of world ratings of the best educational institutions and is considered one of the most prestigious universities in the world.
Founded in 1861 to train engineers and technicians, the deficit of which was strongly felt in the conditions of the scientific and technological revolution of that time, MIT transferred the model of the European Polytechnic Institute to American soil.
MIT was officially registered in Massachusetts in 1861 and two years later received land for free use. William Barton Rogers, founder and first president of the Massachusetts Institute of Technology, has worked for many years to create a higher education institution dedicated entirely to the training of scientific and technical specialists. The civil war that erupted in America delayed the opening of a full-fledged university until 1865, when the first 15 students began their studies on programs taught in Boston.
MIT moved to Cambridge (Massachusetts) in 1916. A large campus is located along the banks of the Charles River. Under the administration of President Karl T. Compton (1930-48), the institute has evolved from a college with a good reputation into a world-famous center for scientific and technical research.
The Massachusetts Institute of Technology has made a major contribution to the development and diffusion of digital technology. In the mid-1980s, several of the largest organizations related to IT, software and the Internet were created here: Richard Stallman’s GNU Project and the Free Software Foundation and others.
In this regard, MIT libraries deserve special mention, which demonstrate the new concept of a modern library, supporting the institute’s research programs with both innovative and traditional solutions.
Students, faculty and researchers can connect to a wide range of library resources from classes, dormitories, or through the mobile version of the site. Each library in the network has rooms equipped with the latest technology, ideal for teamwork and virtual meetings with colleagues from around the world, as well as quiet, isolated rooms for independent study.
In 1976, the Massachusetts Institute of Technology became an official participant in the state program for the study, use and conservation of the country’s water and atmospheric resources, and in 1989 – for space exploration. In addition, the largest university nuclear reactor in the United States is located on its campus. The university also developed several environmental programs, including water purification programs and the use of alternative energy sources for the campus’s domestic needs.
Throughout its entire existence, the university has been training highly qualified specialists in the field of exact sciences, technologies and related scientific fields.
The positions of the Massachusetts Institute of Technology in the leading international ratings of technical universities in the world see here.
Famous alumni and outstanding teachers
80 Nobel laureates;
56 Holders of the National Medal for Contribution to Natural Sciences;
43 Fellow MacArthur Fellow;
28 Winners of the National Technology and Innovation Award.
Established1861 Location Massachusetts Number of students11300
MIT specializes in scientific and technological research and consists of five faculties (schools) and one college. Among the top-rated faculties are the Faculty of Engineering and Sloan School of Management.
The university offers the strongest programs in the field of economics, psychology, biology, chemistry, geological disciplines, physics and mathematics. Research costs at the Massachusetts Institute of Technology typically exceed $ 650 million per year, with funding from government agencies such as the Department of Health and Human Services and the Department of Defense.
Faculties and specialties
Education at MIT covers far more fields than just the exact sciences and technologies. The university consists of five faculties (schools) and more than 30 other departments and programs.
Architecture and planning;
Arts and Social Sciences;
Management and exact sciences.
Departments and training areas
Aeronautics and astronautics;
Construction and environmental management;
Comparative Media Theory;
Computational and Systems Biology;
Earth sciences, atmosphere and planets;
Electrical Engineering and Computer Science;
Global studies and foreign languages;
Health sciences and technology;
Linguistics and Philosophy;
Materials Science and Engineering;